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Alien ET – TJ Shares Ascension Age Awakening Spirit 2012 | UFO Digest provides video proof of ufos, alien abduction and the paranormal.

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Alien ET – TJ Shares Ascension Age Awakening Spirit 2012
Submitted by Theresa J. Thur… On Wed, 03/02/2011 – 10:25
By Theresa J. Thurmond Morris
Awakening – Great Shift
There are times on earth that we can bench mark with a year. 2012 is approaching and happens to be one of those. For those of you who are not familiar with December 21, 2012, this is the day on many calendars in history such as the Hopis, Jews, Mayans among many others that show our new beginning in the 7th number in time, in civilizations. TJ
As a spiritual being with experiences on earth with extraterrestrials, UFOs, USOs, and out of body experiences (OBE), near death experiences (NDE), alien contactee experiences (ACE), and even abductee contactee experiences (ACE), I have become a paranormal writer and now author of books and e-books.
 To who this may concern in the ET UFO Community, there are many new facets to the changes occurring on earth. The extraterrestrials whom have been in contact with me personally in this lifetime whether in a spacecraft not of earth origin which I cannot show others at this time, or visiting me in dream state as the late Edgar Cayce, or in my visions, trances, or as some neurologists call seizures, to me they are all important.
The way that I have learned to interpret my own personal life is through my personal experiences. I have no other way to relate to this world and the humanoid sentient intelligent beings in it.
Some personal soul level comfort has been offered me through my spiritual growth on earth. I say spiritual because I have found no other way in English words to describe that part of me that I can be sure of both in and out of body.
This spiritual part of me seems and appears to be the part of me that I place the most importance in because no matter where I personally feel I go I take this awareness with me. This awareness I believe is the originally created spark of truth that left with me when I was created as my own spiritual path that will lead back to my original soul created in the “GUF OF SOULS”.
Some people may wonder what the Guf of Souls actually is and where this is exactly. I invite you to add this place on your own spiritual path and study what the words and place means to those of the Jewish faith. Part of my upbringing on earth and my religious experiences are from my Jewish mother. This on earth makes me a Jew by birth. However, like so many Jews in the United States of North America, I was also raised like my father which he considered us his children White Anglo Saxon Protestants or WASPS.
My mother has written a book about her upbringing in Louisiana and our move to Houston, Texas. It is a good book but unfortunately, my nephew James McVey who lives in Austin, Texas and frequently is a world traveler to France and other countries due to his job paid for this book. He did not include an ISBN number so others could find this copy in Bowker or on Amazon. Therefore, I have asked my mother’s permission to publish this book in my own company Timely Manor Books which is an imprint of my publishing company Morris Publishing and my production company of music and videos. I am in the process of editing and aligning these words in a template now. So those who are interested in my upbringing on earth may read it later.
For now, I would like to ask all my readers to consider their spiritual path in relation to our connection not only on UFO Digest, and Ascension Center Organization but with my synergy connection the other worlds.
There is a way that I train my students which I have been calling lightworkers since January 27, 1974 when I died. I left my physical body and flatlined. The experience I had was similar to that which my late deceased friend named Patrick Swayze created on film in a movie called, “GHOST”.
Since, that time I became a psychic medium much like one others may know as Jon Edwards on television. Jon is also an author of books and is studying more in astrology and how those of the prior New Age studied which apparently he missed parts of in his past historical path on earth. We can all catch up like he is doing with the rest of the “Baby Boomers”.
During my training in the Akashic Field, I was taught to believe in all the energy that we can sustain while we visit the astral plane when we have out of body experiences. There is an ethereal level in all of us. Some call this a plane. We are to learn this part of us which I can best describe to the beginners as the first lesson.
The first lesson to the future for my students in the ACE Academy of Magic which by the way is one similar to that used by J.K. Rowling’s School in her Harry Potter series. I ask my students to first sign up for class and declare their level of MAGICK. Many do not know what I am talking about since I am asking them to clarify their level of understanding of magic on earth.
I do not work with the Neophytes that often therefore I have incorporated many various teachers as guides. These I call my Lightworkers on earth.
My Lightworkers are actually recommended to me through my way of censure and reading the spirit by way of their souls but this is too hard to explain at this time. Let if suffice readers to know that there is a way to discern and divine one’s connection to others through the spirit and synergy.
For those who desire to know more of me and what I do to assist humanoids on earth, please catch up on reading on UFO Digest articles, and then go to my websites I created for various levels of knowledge to my TJ Morris & Friends. I have American News Magazine, Social Paranormal.com, TJThurmondMorris.com, BookofTheresa.com, Ascension Center Organization as (ascension center.org) and my theresamorris.com is under new management control for me and will be back up in March, 2011. It is 5 years old.
My first computer experience was in the U.S. Navy on a Kaypro and in office under WANG. I grew into learning with my mother on Windows and AOL with mother’s emails and Ims to me. This was an earthly experience I had to pay attention too because we must honor our parents while on earth. We all should make sure that we honor our elders. This is something that the Asians on earth have over all of us under European influence.
Somewhere along the way the old country values of Europe were not transferred strongly to their American Yankee children. In other words, we tend to put our elders away into rest home and/or old folks homes instead of taking care of them in family surroundings. I can proudly say that my husband’s relatives in Kentucky keep their elders with family as long as they can. My mother is in her own surroundings in a large home of our family in Texas. That is in mother’s book.
She prefers me to a fiction novel writer and keeps telling me to stop sharing news from a personal reality perspective. She doesn’t approve of my websites since she herself does not believe as I do in extraterrestrials or spirit. She was raised during the depression and post-depression although she had dance lessons as a child and teenager.
I was given in reality and a lightning storm where I was almost killed again by a large tree that was hit next to me. It was split twain into two pieces next to where I parked in a parking lot. I was working in Honolulu, Hawaii and had just moved my office from Ward Avenue to an office next to Gold Printing and another printer’s office where I was parked. I needed to create logos, and my entire marketing plan so spent a lot of time at printers since I did not own my own printing company. I still subcontract out to this day but now I get entire books done and not just marketing and advertising. I had a company of J. B. Cork International Marketing and Manufacturing at the time.
I didn’t know that these extraterrestrials would become interested in my Psychic Network Inc. business and offer me the Ascension Center Organization but that is what happened and I have been biding my time on earth until the time was right on the Internet and Web to do something with their LOGO design. That tree I was telling you that almost killed me is how they delivered their “ASCENSION CENTER” logo.
I know about lightning and that it can kill. I also have a maiden name of Thurmond and while I was in Europe I did a little ancestral investigating. I found the name Thurmond and Thurber was on my father’s side and that it traced back to Thor. The Thors Hammer was known in folklore and I thought it very odd that the extraterrestrials would use lightning on earth to get my attention. The day that lightning struck this tree and I almost was killed by the huge falling limb onto my head, was the day in 1999 that the computer generated their “ET LOGO”. It was before we had Internet Online and the WEB.
Since I was almost killed and visited by ET all my life, I had learned to read the signs from above. Other people may not or may not even believe in ET or UFOS or USOS but I sure do from experience. I have many stories.
Anyway, for those of you that follow me on UFO Digest, I am also linked to the International Spirit Guide. Many of those who simply use photo bucket and search all websites for stories on UFOS to create their own blogs and websites; they usually do not like to find my ET UFO tags along with my spiritual stories and SPIRIT and PARANORMAL tags. They just don’t get how the two genres work together. Most of these young kids that collect UFO photos and videos do not consider themselves spiritual. That is a big mistake on their part because they are two sides of the same coin.
Anyway, here below are some topics that I hope Dirk Vander Ploeg the publisher of UFO DIGEST and Robert Morningstar, Editor will leave in. These hits for this month on each particular topic are from the Spirit Guide.  
What I was taught many years ago was to call this time in my life the Ascension Age and to use the Ascension Center logo of the ET. You may join me on my spiritual path if you like. Everyone is invited although few will use it because it is the same as when I told others they could join me on my psychic network path. Some psychics did and others did not. This is why we have to make our own choices and why we have freewill. Otherwise would make for a very boring world.
If you desire to join me on my spiritual path I shall share with you through my articles, books, and other tools ways to increase your own awareness of the spiritual Ascension path. This is the name for what some call The Awakening Shift. We are they who are here to shift and uplift the spirit into the Ascension Centered Enlightenment. I was asked to be the founder of this movement many years ago back on January 27, 1974. My daughter lived and her Christian maiden name is Ginger Theresa Fay Parrish. I named her based on what was revealed to me. TF initials also stand for Two (T) Feathers (F) which was her Indian Name of both our bloodlines as O positive on both our mother and father’s names although DNA reveals we are mainly English and Irish. Wow Too much Personal Information. I only hope that others will respect my daughter’s privacy but it is very important that I finally introduce her to my world of spiritual beings that are following my path as Lighworkers. Tj is the one to inherit my world of spirit along with her three sisters. Angela Dawn Parrish, Lauren Michelle Parrish, Stephanie Esther Parrish. Whether they will accept their spiritual paths as leaders of women on and of all good spirits when I leave this earth is up to them. Love and Light. TJ
Disclaimer: We don’t necessarily endorse the posts found here, we have grouped together frequent contributors. This section may hold a vast array of channeled material. These can be anything from inspirational writing, channeling your spirit guide, higher or lower vibrational beings
Akashic Records Hits: 13499: Articles: 22
Angels Hits: 28019: Articles: 44
Atlantis / Lemuria / Egypt Hits: 9867: Articles: 8
Aurora Color Magnetic Sound Healing Hits: 2261: Articles: 4
Autism – ADHD – ADD – Crystal – Indigo Children Hits: 55879: Articles: 69
Awakening – Great Shift Hits: 509957: Articles: 899
Channelings Hits: 239061: Articles: 414
Channelings by Star Beings Hits: 70447: Articles: 132
Columnists (Article Library) Hits: 67082: Articles: 99
Conspiracy Theories Hits: 4156: Articles: 10
Diary of Your Events Hits: 11461: Articles: 13
Earth Energies Hits: 6780: Articles: 13
Environment Hits: 22129: Articles: 38
Financial Crisis – Learn More Hits: 1231: Articles: 6
Health Hits: 13739: Articles: 52
Higher Self Hits: 20459: Articles: 50
Humor Hits: 19348: Articles: 22
Inspirational People – Bringing Transparency Hits: 19316: Articles: 47
Inspirational Stories / Poems Hits: 116560: Articles: 212
Interesting Articles Hits: 122450: Articles: 232
Interviews Hits: 9321: Articles: 22
Light Workers Hits: 40882: Articles: 60
Meditations (Guided) Hits: 8032: Articles: 15
Mediumship Hits: 29568: Articles: 54
Merkaba Hits: 3084: Articles: 5
Monthly Energy/Angel Readings Hits: 9806: Articles: 17
Mystical Qabalah Hits: 374: Articles: 1
Near-Death Experience Hits: 4942: Articles: 7
News / Notice Board Hits: 116235: Articles: 35
Paranormal Articles Hits: 26995: Articles: 49
Paranormal Experiences Hits: 196356: Articles: 186
Philosophy Hits: 38454: Articles: 55
Prophecy Hits: 10921: Articles: 20
Radio Shows / Podcasts Hits: 126952: Articles: 78
Reincarnation Hits: 17910: Articles: 33
Religion / Belief Systems Hits: 2968: Articles: 7
Sacred Geometry Hits: 2100: Articles: 3
Sacred Sites Hits: 2403: Articles: 5
Shaman / Paganism Hits: 11755: Articles: 22
Silver Birch Hits: 11827: Articles: 10
Soul Mates Hits: 5490: Articles: 8
Spiritism Hits: 11460: Articles: 33
Spiritual Activism Hits: 3318: Articles: 7
Spiritual Art Hits: 2143: Articles: 5
Spiritual Books / CDs Hits: 83307: Articles: 111
Spiritual Science Hits: 21949: Articles: 40
Spiritualism Hits: 42476: Articles: 83
Spirituality Hits: 39048: Articles: 82
Teachers & Channellers Hits: 43756: Articles: 51
The Spirit World Hits: 24193: Articles: 74
Therapies Hits: 23424: Articles: 42
UFO’s / Crop Circles Hits: 74009: Articles: 102
Universal Laws – Laws of Attraction Hits: 14046: Articles: 25
Videos Hits: 19588: Articles: 58
Yoga Hits: 343: Articles: 1
Your Dream Experiences Hits: 4346: Articles: 8
Your Meditiation Experiences Hits: 2249: Articles: 4
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Comments
Was 1989 not 1999 WHEN ASCENSION LOGO CAME TO ME. TJ
Submitted by Theresa J. Thur… on Mon, 03/28/2011 – 15:41.
IT was 1989 not 1999 when the Ascension Logo was created. It took lightning and a near death experience to capture my attention before it was magically created for us. I was simply the founder. Most people who deal with the metaphysics of life will sooner or later have experiences that seem more than coincidental. We all like to believe in coincidences but as we grow older we learn that serendipity is probably a better way to explain that which seems to connect as a coincidence.
The information I share about that which I know to be my truth as a truthseeker allows me also to be a seer, sage, shaman, psychic, lightworker, avatar, and plain old normal common folk. We all have various positions as archetypes on the tree of life. That is how we soon learn to read the tarot so well. It exemplifies the many roles we can play in this lifetime. The roles are constantly changing on earth as are we.
Time goes by so fast for me and many times, I truthfully have to really work at remembering what year this is. I know it sounds strange but I know that many will relate to what I am saying. I am called brave in some circles or social networks because i am constantly on the cutting edge of putting myself out there! Meaning in public I admit to what some others were probably thinking but were too afraid to admit!
I have learned to share and be human through teaching others how to learn from my mistakes. We are all a mirror and the ascension process will bring in more information at a faster rate of speed not only in real time that we call reality but on the virtual plane we call cyberspace.
We have many places and planes we are to discover in this lifetime. If not in this lifetime then the next.
Love and Light.
TJ – Monday – 3-28-2011 A whole new way of seeing through the love and light in this world. Health and Prosperity to all who choose to travel on the same journey or road less traveled! Metaphysics.
Theresa Janette Thurmond Morris, Author/Creator/Entrepreneur  (ACE) -ACE, Social Entrepreneur, Metaphysician, Ascension Master, Web Master, MUFON member, Paranormal Investigative Reporter, ACIR -AscensionCenter.org F

Aliens and UFOS – TAKEN DOWN – Natural and Manmade Caves – Sub-Global Terrains | UFO Digest provides video proof of ufos, alien abduction and the paranormal.

Aliens and UFOS – TAKEN DOWN – Natural and Manmade Caves – Sub-Global Terrains | UFO Digest provides video proof of ufos, alien abduction and the paranormal.:

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Anthroposophy – A Spiritual Philosophy
Anthroposophy, a philosophy founded by Rudolf Steiner, postulates the existence of an objective, intellectually comprehensible spiritual world accessible to direct experience through inner development. More specifically, it aims to develop faculties of perceptive imagination, inspiration and intuition through cultivating a form of thinking independent of sensory experience, and to present the results thus derived in a manner subject to rational verification. In its investigations of the spiritual world, anthroposophy aims to attain the precision and clarity attained by the natural sciences in their investigations of the physical world.
Anthroposophical ideas have been applied practically in many areas including Steiner/Waldorf education, special education (most prominently through the Camphill Movement), agriculture, medicine, ethical banking, organizational development, and the arts.
The Anthroposophical Society has its international center at the Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland.
Part of a series on
Anthroposophy in General
Anthroposophy by Rudolf Steiner
Goetheanum · Anthroposophical Society
Anthroposophically inspired work
Anthroposophical medicine · Biodynamic agriculture
Camphill Movement · Eurhythmy · Waldorf education
Philosophy
Philosophy of Freedom
Social three folding-Histories
 Etymology of anthroposophy
Anthroposophy in brief
Anthroposophy and Judaism
Rudolf Steiner was a leader of The Earth’s Early Work of Philosophy of Freedom – as The Philosophy of Spiritual Activity and Intuitive Thinking as a Spiritual Path.
The early work of the founder of anthroposophy, Rudolf Steiner, culminated in his Philosophy of Freedom (also translated as The Philosophy of Spiritual Activity and Intuitive Thinking as a Spiritual Path). Here, Steiner developed a concept of free will based on inner experiences, especially those that occur in the creative activity of independent thought.
By the beginning of the twentieth century, Steiner’s interests were leading him further and further into explicitly spiritual areas of research. These studies were of interest to others who were already oriented towards spiritual ideas; among these was the Theosophical Society. Theosophy was in vogue in Esotericism in Germany and Austria during that time. From 1900 on, thanks to the positive reception given to his ideas, Steiner’s involvement with the Theosophical Society confirmed and reinforced his spiritual identity as a charismatic seer; this became key to breaking the feeling of imposed silence that characterized his earlier life.
It was here that he was to find not only the woman who was to become his esoteric partner and second wife, Marie von Sievers (owner of the Berlin Theosophical headquarters), but the answer to the question asked in his Autobiography ‘…how can I find the way to express in terms understandable to my contemporaries what I inwardly perceive directly as the truth?’
Steiner took a leading role in the Theosophical Society’s section in Germany, becoming its secretary in 1902. During the years of his leadership, membership increased dramatically, from a few individuals to sixty-nine Lodges.
By 1907, a split between Steiner and the mainstream Theosophical Society had begun to become apparent. While the Society was oriented toward an Eastern and especially Indian approach, Steiner was trying to develop a path that embraced Christianity and natural science.
The split became irrevocable when Annie Besant, then president of the Theosophical Society, began to present the child Jiddu Krishnamurti as the reincarnated Christ. Steiner strongly objected and considered any comparison between Krishnamurti and Christ to be nonsense; many years later, Krishnamurti also repudiated the assertion. Steiner’s continuing differences with Besant led him to separate from the Theosophical Society Adyar; he was followed by the great majority of the membership of the Theosophical Society’s German Section, as well as members of other national sections.
By this time, Steiner had reached considerable stature as a spiritual teacher.
He spoke about what he considered to be his direct experience of the Akashic Records (sometimes called the “Akasha Chronicle”), thought to be a spiritual chronicle of the history, pre-history, and future of the world and mankind.
 In a number of works, Steiner described a path of inner development he felt would let anyone attain comparable spiritual experiences. Sound vision could be developed, in part, by practicing rigorous forms of ethical and cognitive self-discipline, concentration, and meditation; in particular, a person’s moral development must precede the development of spiritual faculties.
Second Goetheanum, seat of the Anthroposophical Society.
In 1912, the Anthroposophical Society was founded. After World War I, the Anthroposophical movement took on new directions. Projects such as schools, centers for those with special needs, organic farms and medical clinics were established, all inspired by anthroposophy. In 1923, faced with differences between older members focusing on inner development and younger members eager to become active in the social transformations of the time, Steiner refounded the Society in an inclusive manner and established a School for Spiritual Science. As a spiritual basis for the refounded movement, Steiner wrote the mantric poem Foundation Stone Meditation expressing the aspects of the human soul in relation to the outer and spiritual worlds. Steiner died just over a year later, in 1925.
The Second World War temporarily hindered the anthroposophical movement in most of Continental Europe, as the Anthroposophical Society and most of its daughter movements (e.g. Steiner/Waldorf education) were banned by the National Socialists (Nazis);] virtually no anthroposophists ever joined the National Socialist Party.
By 2007, national branches of the Anthroposophical Society had been established in fifty countries, and about 10,000 institutions around the world were working on the basis of anthroposophy.
In the same year, the Anthroposophical Society was called the “most important esoteric society in European history.”
Etymology of Anthroposophy
The term anthroposophy is from the Greek, virtually *ανθρωποσοφία, from ἄνθρωπος “human”, and σοφία “wisdom”. It is listed by Nathan Bailey (1742) as meaning “the knowledge of the nature of man” (OED). Authors whose usage predates Steiner’s include occultist Agrippa von Nettesheim, alchemist Thomas Vaughn (Anthroposophia Theomagica), and philosophers Immanuel Hermann Fichte and Robert Zimmermann (Anthroposophie im Umriss); Steiner wrote his doctoral thesis on Fichte and attended Zimmermann’s classes at the University of Vienna.
Steiner began using the word to refer to his philosophy in the early 1900s as an alternative to theosophy, the term for Madame Blavatsky’s movement, itself from the Greek θεοσοφία, with a longer history with a meaning of “divine wisdom”.
Anthroposophy in brief
Spiritual knowledge and freedom
Anthroposophical proponents aim to extend the clarity of the scientific method to phenomena of human soul-life and to spiritual experiences. This requires developing new faculties of objective spiritual perception, which Steiner maintained was possible for humanity today. The steps of this process of inner development he identified as consciously achieved imagination, inspiration and intuition.
Steiner believed results of this form of spiritual research should be expressed in a way that can be understood and evaluated on the same basis as the results of natural science:
 “The anthroposophical schooling of thinking leads to the development of a non-sensory, or so-called supersensory consciousness, whereby the spiritual researcher brings the experiences of this realm into ideas, concepts, and expressive language in a form which people can understand who do not yet have the capacity to achieve the supersensory experiences necessary for individual research.”
Steiner hoped to form a spiritual movement that would free the individual from any external authority: “The most important problem of all human thinking is this: to comprehend the human being as a personality grounded in him or herself.”
 For Steiner, the human capacity for rational thought would allow individuals to comprehend spiritual research on their own and bypass the danger of dependency on an authority.
Steiner contrasted the anthroposophical approach with both conventional mysticism, which he considered lacking the clarity necessary for exact knowledge, and natural science, which he considered arbitrarily limited to investigating the outer world.
Nature of the human being
The Representative of Humanity, detail of a sculpture in wood by Rudolf Steiner and Edith Maryon.
Anthroposophical view of the human being
In Theosophy, Steiner suggested that human beings unite a physical body of a nature common to (and that ultimately returns to) the inorganic world; a life body (also called the etheric body), in common with all living creatures (including plants); a bearer of sentience or consciousness (also called the astral body), in common with all animals; and the ego, which anchors the faculty of self-awareness unique to human beings.
Anthroposophy describes a broad evolution of human consciousness. Early stages of human evolution possess an intuitive perception of reality, including a clairvoyant perception of spiritual realities. Humanity has progressively evolved an increasing reliance on intellectual faculties and a corresponding loss of intuitive or clairvoyant experiences, which have become atavistic.
The increasing intellectualization of consciousness, initially a progressive direction of evolution, has led to an excessive reliance on abstraction and a loss of contact with both natural and spiritual realities. However, to go further requires new capacities that combine the clarity of intellectual thought with the imagination, and beyond this with consciously achieved inspiration and intuitive insights.
Anthroposophy speaks of the reincarnation of the human spirit:
That the human being passes between stages of existence, incarnating into an earthly body, living on earth, leaving the body behind and entering into the spiritual worlds before returning to be born again into a new life on earth. After the death of the physical body, the human spirit recapitulates the past life, perceiving its events as they were experienced by the objects of its actions. A complex transformation takes place between the review of the past life and the preparation for the next life. The individual’s karmic condition eventually leads to a choice of parents, physical body, disposition, and capacities that provide the challenges and opportunities that further development requires, which includes karmically chosen tasks for the future life.
Steiner described some conditions that determine the interdependence of a person’s lives, or karma.
Evolution
The anthroposophical view of evolution considers all animals to have evolved from an early, unspecialized form. As the least specialized animal, human beings have maintained the closest connection to the archetypal form; contrary to the Darwinian conception of human evolution, all other animals devolve from this archetype
 The spiritual archetype originally created by spiritual beings was devoid of physical substance; only later did this descend into material existence on Earth.
“The evolution of man, Steiner said, has consisted in the gradual incarnation of a spiritual being into a material body. It has been a true “descent” of man from a spiritual world into a world of matter. The evolution of the animal kingdom did not precede, but rather accompanied the process of human incarnation. Man is thus not the end result of the evolution of the animals, but is rather in a certain sense their cause. In the succession of types which appears in the fossil record-the fishes, reptiles, mammals, and finally fossil remains of man himself — the stages of this process of incarnation are reflected.”
Christ between Lucifer and Ahriman
The anthroposophical view is that good is found in the balance between two polar, generally evil influences on world and human evolution. Two spiritual adversaries endeavor to tempt and corrupt humanity: Lucifer and his counterpart Ahriman. Steiner described both positive and negative aspects of both figures. Lucifer is the light spirit, which “plays on human pride and offers the delusion of divinity”, but also motivates creativity and spirituality; Ahriman is the dark spirit, which tempts human beings to “…deny [their] link with divinity and to live entirely on the material plane”, but also stimulates intellectuality and technology. Both figures exert a negative effect on humanity when their influence becomes misplaced or one-sided, yet their influences are necessary for human freedom to unfold.
Each human being has the task to find a balance between these opposing influences, and each is helped in this task by the mediation of the Representative of Humanity, also known as the Christ being, a spiritual entity who stands between and harmonizes the two extremes.
Applications
Further information: Rudolf Steiner’s Breadth of activities
Applications of anthroposophy include
Steiner/Waldorf education
This is a pedagogical movement with over 1000 Steiner or Waldorf schools (the latter name stems from the first such school, founded in Stuttgart in 1919) located in some 60 countries; the great majority of these are independent (private) schools.
 Sixteen of the schools have been affiliated with the United Nations’ UNESCO Associated Schools Project Network, which sponsors education projects that foster improved quality of education throughout the world, in particular in terms of its ethical, cultural, and international dimensions. Waldorf schools receive full or partial governmental funding in some European nations, Australia and in parts of the United States (as Waldorf method public or charter schools).
The schools are located in a wide variety of communities and cultures: from the impoverished favelas of São Paulo to the wealthy suburbs of New York City; in India, Egypt, Australia, Holland, Mexico and South Africa. Though most of the early Waldorf schools were teacher-founded, the schools today are usually initiated and later supported by an active parent community. Waldorf education is one of the most visible practical applications of an anthroposophical view and understanding of the human being and has been characterized as “the leader of the international movement for a New Education,”
Biodynamic agriculture
Biodynamic agriculture, the first intentional form of organic farming, began in the 1920s when Rudolf Steiner gave a series of lectures since published as Agriculture. Steiner is considered one of the founders of the modern organic farming movement
Anthroposophical medicine
Main article: Anthroposophical medicine
Steiner gave several series of lectures to physicians and medical students. Out of those grew a complementary medical movement, which now includes hundreds of M.D.s, chiefly in Europe and North America, and has its own clinics, hospitals, and medical schools.
One of the most studied applications has been the use of mistletoe extracts in cancer therapy.
 The extracts are generally no longer used to reduce or inhibit tumor growth, for which verifiable results have been found in vitro and in animal studies but not in humans, but instead to improve the patients’ quality of life and to reduce tumor-induced symptoms and the side-effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
 According to the National Cancer Institute, “Mistletoe extract has been shown to kill cancer cells in the laboratory and to affect the immune system. However, there is limited evidence that mistletoe’s effects on the immune system help the body fight cancer…. At present, the use of mistletoe cannot be recommended outside the context of well-designed clinical trials.”
Special needs education and services
Main article: Camphill Movement
In 1922, Ita Wegman founded an anthroposophical center for special needs education, the Sonnenhof, in Switzerland. In 1940, Karl König founded the Camphill Movement in Scotland. The latter in particular has spread widely, and there are now over a hundred Camphill communities and other anthroposophical homes for children and adults in need of special care in about 22 countries around the world.
Architecture
The First Goetheanum, designed by Steiner in 1920, Dornach, Switzerland.
Steiner himself designed around thirteen buildings, many of them significant works in a unique, organic—expressionist architectural style.
Foremost among these are his designs for the two Goetheanum buildings in Dornach, Switzerland. Thousands of further buildings have been built by later generations of anthroposophic architects.
Architects who have been strongly influenced by the anthroposophic style include Imre Makovecz in Hungary, Hans Scharoun and Joachim Eble in Germany, Erik Asmussen in Sweden, Kenji Imai in Japan, Thomas Rau, Anton Alberts and Max van Huut in Holland, Christopher Day and Camphill Architects in the UK, Thompson and Rose in America, Denis Bowman in Canada, and Walter Burley Griffin and Gregory Burgess in Australia.
One of the most famous contemporary buildings by an anthroposophical architect is ING House, an ING Bank building in Amsterdam, which has received several awards for its ecological design and approach to a self-sustaining ecology as an autonomous building and example of sustainable architecture.
Eurythmy
Main article: Eurythmy
In the arts, Steiner’s new art of eurythmy gained early renown.
 Eurythmy seeks to renew the spiritual foundations of dance, revealing speech and music in visible movement. There are now active stage groups and training centers, mostly of modest proportions, in
twelve ( 12) countries.
Social finance
See also: Social finance
Around the world today are a number of banks, companies, charities, and schools for developing co-operative forms of business using Steiner’s ideas about economic associations, aiming at harmonious and socially responsible roles in the world economy.
BANK
 The first anthroposophic bank was the Gemeinschaftsbank für Leihen und Schenken in Bochum, Germany, founded in 1974.
 Socially responsible banks founded out of anthroposophy in the English-speaking world include Triodos Bank, founded in 1980 and active in the UK, Netherlands and Spain, La Nef in France and RSF Social Finance in San Francisco.
Organizational development, counselling and biography work
Bernard Lievegoed, a psychiatrist, founded a new method of individual and institutional development oriented towards humanizing organizations and linked with Steiner’s ideas of the threefold social order. This work is represented by the NPI Institute for Organizational Development in Holland and sister organizations in many other countries.
 Various forms of biographic and counseling work have been developed on the basis of anthroposophy.
Speech and drama
There are also anthroposophical movements to renew speech and drama, the most important of which are based in the work of Marie Steiner-von Sivers (speech formation, also known as Creative Speech) and the Chekhov Method originated by Michael Chekhov (nephew of Anton Chekhov).
Other areas
Other areas of anthroposophic work include:
John Wilkes’ fountain-like flowforms. These sculptural forms guide water into rhythmic movement and are used both in water-purification projects and as decorative fountains.
Phenomenological approaches to science,
New approaches to painting and sculpture.
Social goals
Social Threefolding
For a period after World War I, Steiner was extremely active and well known in Germany, in part because he lectured widely proposing social reforms. Steiner was a sharp critic of nationalism, which he saw as outdated, and a proponent of achieving social solidarity through individual freedom.
 A petition proposing a radical change in the German constitution and expressing his basic social ideas (signed by Herman Hesse, among others) was widely circulated.
 His main book on social reform is Toward Social Renewal.
Anthroposophy continues to aim at reforming society through maintaining and strengthening the independence of the spheres of cultural life, human rights and the economy. It emphasizes a particular ideal in each of these three realms of society:
Freedom in cultural life
Equality of rights, the sphere of legislation and the judiciary
Fraternity in the economic sphere
Esoteric path
Paths of spiritual development
According to Steiner, a real spiritual world exists, out of which the material one gradually condensed and evolved. Steiner held that the spiritual world can be researched in the right circumstances through direct experience, by persons practicing rigorous forms of ethical and cognitive self-discipline. Steiner described many exercises he said were suited to strengthening such self-discipline; the most complete exposition of these is found in his book  How To Know Higher Worlds.
The aim of these exercises is to develop higher levels of consciousness through meditation and observation. Details about the spiritual world, Steiner suggested, could on such a basis be discovered and reported, though no more infallibly than the results of natural science.
Anthroposophy is a path of knowledge, to guide the spiritual in the human being to the spiritual in the universe…. Anthroposophists are those who experience, as an essential need of life, certain questions on the nature of the human being and the universe, just as one experiences hunger and thirst.
Steiner regarded his research reports as being important aids to others seeking to enter into spiritual experience. He suggested that a combination of spiritual exercises (for example, concentrating on an object such as a seed), moral development (control of thought, feelings and will combined with openness, tolerance and flexibility) and familiarity with other spiritual researchers’ results would best further an individual’s spiritual development. He consistently emphasized that any inner, spiritual practice should be undertaken in such a way as not to interfere with one’s responsibilities in outer life. In anthroposophy, artistic expression is also treated as a potentially valuable bridge between spiritual and material reality.
Prerequisites to and stages of inner development
A person seeking inner development must first of all make the attempt to give up certain formerly held inclinations. Then, new inclinations must be acquired by constantly holding the thought of such inclinations, virtues or characteristics in one’s mind. They must be so incorporated into one’s being that a person becomes enabled to alter his soul by his own will-power. This must be tried as objectively as a chemical might be tested in an experiment. A person who has never endeavored to change his soul, who has never made the initial decision to develop the qualities of endurance, steadfastness and calm logical thinking, or a person who has such decisions but has given up because he did not succeed in a week, a month, a year or a decade, will never conclude anything inwardly about these truths.
—Rudolf Steiner, “On the Inner Life”,
Steiner’s stated prerequisites to beginning on a spiritual path include a willingness to take up serious cognitive studies, a respect for factual evidence, and a responsible attitude. Central to progress on the path itself is a harmonious cultivation of the following qualities:
Control over one’s own thinking
Control over one’s will
Composure
Positivity
Impartiality
Steiner sees meditation as a concentration and enhancement of the power of thought. By focusing consciously on an idea, feeling or intention the meditant seeks to arrive at pure thinking, a state exemplified by but not confined to pure mathematics. In Steiner’s view, conventional sensory-material knowledge is achieved through relating perception and concepts. The anthroposophic path of esoteric training articulates three further stages of supersensory knowledge, which do not necessarily follow strictly sequentially in any single individual’s spiritual progress.
By focusing on symbolic patterns, images, and poetic mantras, the meditant can achieve consciously directed Imaginations that allow sensory phenomena to appear as the expression of underlying beings of a soul-spiritual nature.
By transcending such imaginative pictures, the meditant can become conscious of the meditative activity itself, which leads to experiences of expressions of soul-spiritual beings unmediated by sensory phenomena or qualities. Steiner calls this stage Inspiration.
By intensifying the will-forces through exercises such as a chronologically reversed review of the day’s events, the meditant can achieve a further stage of inner independence from sensory experience, leading to direct contact, and even union, with spiritual beings (“Intuition”) without loss of individual awareness.
Spiritual exercises
Main article: Rudolf Steiner’s exercises for spiritual development
Steiner described numerous exercises he believed would bring spiritual development; other anthroposophists have added many others. A central principle is that “for every step in spiritual perception, three steps are to be taken in moral development.” According to Anthroposophy, moral development reveals the extent to which one has achieved control over one’s inner life and can exercise it in harmony with the spiritual life of other people; it shows the real progress in spiritual development, the fruits of which are given in spiritual perception. It also guarantees the capacity to distinguish between false perceptions or illusions (which are possible in perceptions of both the outer world and the inner world) and true perceptions, or, better said, to distinguish in any perception between the influence of subjective elements (i.e., viewpoint) and the objective reality the perception points at.
Place in Western philosophy
Steiner built upon Goethe’s conception of an imaginative power capable of synthesizing the sense-perceptible form of a thing (an image of its outer appearance) and the concept we have of that thing (an image of its inner structure or nature). Steiner added to this the conception that a further step in the development of thinking is possible when the thinker observes his or her own thought processes. “The organ of observation and the observed thought process are then identical, so that the condition thus arrived at is simultaneously one of perception through thinking and one of thought through perception.”
Thus, in Steiner’s view, we can overcome the subject-object divide through inner activity, even though all human experience begins by being conditioned by it. In this connection, Steiner examines the step from thinking determined by outer impressions to what he calls sense-free thinking. He characterizes thoughts he considers without sensory content, such as mathematical or logical thoughts, as free deeds. Steiner believed he had thus located the origin of free will in our thinking, and in particular in sense-free thinking.
Some of the epistemic basis for Steiner’s later anthroposophical work is contained in the seminal work, Philosophy of Freedom.[58] In his early works, Steiner sought to overcome what he perceived as the dualism of Cartesian idealism and Kantian subjectivism by developing Goethe’s conception of the human being as a natural-supernatural entity, that is: natural in that humanity is a product of nature, supernatural in that through our conceptual powers we extend nature’s realm, allowing it to achieve a reflective capacity in us as philosophy, art and science.
Steiner was one of the first European philosophers to overcome the subject-object split in Western thought. Though not well known among philosophers, his philosophical work was taken up by Owen Barfield (and through him influenced the Inklings, an Oxford group of Christian writers that included J. R. R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis)[60] and Richard Tarnas.
Christian and Jewish mystical thought have also influenced the development of Anthroposophy.
Possibility of a union of science and spirit
Steiner believed in the possibility of applying the clarity of scientific thinking to spiritual experience, which he saw as deriving from an objectively existing spiritual world.
 Steiner identified mathematics, which attains certainty through thinking itself, thus through inner experience rather than empirical observation, as the basis of his epistemology of spiritual experience.
Relationship to religion
Christ as the center of earthly evolution
Steiner’s writing, though appreciative of all religions and cultural developments, emphasizes Western tradition as having evolved to meet contemporary needs.
 He describes Christ and his mission on earth of bringing individuated consciousness as having a particularly important place in human evolution, whereby: Christianity has evolved out of previous religions;
The being which manifests in Christianity also manifests in all faiths and religions, and each religion is valid and true for the time and cultural context in which it was born;
All historical forms of Christianity need to be transformed considerably to meet the continuing evolution of humanity.
Spiritual science does not want to usurp the place of Christianity; on the contrary it would like to be instrumental in making Christianity understood. Thus it becomes clear to us through spiritual science that the being that we call Christ is to be recognized as the center of life on earth, that the Christian religion is the ultimate religion for the earth’s whole future. Spiritual science shows us particularly that the pre-Christian religions outgrow their one-sidedness and come together in the Christian faith. It is not the desire of spiritual science to set something else in the place of Christianity; rather it wants to contribute to a deeper, more heartfelt understanding of Christianity.
Thus, anthroposophy considers there to be a being who unifies all religions, and who is not represented by any particular religious faith. This being is, according to Steiner, not only the Redeemer of the Fall from Paradise, but also the unique pivot and meaning of earth’s evolutionary processes and of human history.
To describe this being, Steiner periodically used terms such as the “Representative of Humanity” or the “good spirit” rather than any denominational term.
This view has certain similarities to the concepts of Christogenesis advocated by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.
Divergence from conventional Christian thought
Steiner’s views of Christianity diverge from conventional Christian thought in key places, and include gnostic elements:
One central point of divergence is Steiner’s views on reincarnation and karma.
Steiner differentiated three contemporary paths by which he believed it possible to arrive at Christ:
Through heart-filled experiences of the Gospels; Steiner described this as the historically dominant path, but becoming less important in the future.
Through inner experiences of a spiritual reality; this Steiner regarded as increasingly the path of spiritual or religious seekers today.
Through initiatory experiences whereby the reality of Christ’s death and resurrection are experienced; Steiner believed this is the path people will increasingly take.
Steiner also believed that there were two different Jesus children involved in the Incarnation of the Christ: one child descended from Solomon, as described in the Gospel of Matthew, the other child from Nathan, as described in the Gospel of Luke.
(The genealogies given in the two gospels diverge some thirty generations before Jesus’ birth, and ‘Jesus’ was a common name in biblical times.)
His view of the second coming of Christ is also unusual; he suggested that this would not be a physical reappearance, but that the Christ being would become manifest in non-physical form, visible to spiritual vision and apparent in community life for increasing numbers of people beginning around the year 1933.
He emphasized his belief that in the future humanity would need to be able to recognize the Spirit of Love in all its genuine forms, regardless of what name would be used to describe this being. He also warned that the traditional name of the Christ might be misused, and the true essence of this being of love ignored.
Anthroposophy and Judaism
Rudolf Steiner wrote and lectured on Judaism and Jewish issues for much of his life. In the 1880s and 1890s, he took part in debates on anti-semitism and on assimilation. He was a fierce opponent of anti-semitism and supported the unconditional acceptance and integration of the Jews in Europe. He also supported Émile Zola’s position in the Dreyfus affair.
Rudolf Steiner emphasized Judaism’s central importance to the constitution of the modern era in the West: “Moses stood there as the founder of the modern intellectual worldview.” Jewish themes form a very central part of the curricula of Waldorf schools, in particular the history of Moses and the establishment of the Land of Israel. A number of early anthroposophists, such as Karl König, the founder of the Camphill movement, were Jewish.
In his later life, Steiner was accused by the Nazis of being a Jew, and Adolf Hitler labeled Anthroposophy “Jewish methods.” The anthroposophical institutions in Germany were banned during Nazi rule and several anthroposophists sent to concentration camps.
Jewish thinkers such as Martin Buber and Hugo Bergmann were also influenced by Anthroposophy. Hugo Bergmann viewed Steiner’s social ideas as a solution to the Arab–Jewish conflict. In Israel, there are several anthroposophical organisations, including the anthroposophical kibbutz Harduf. The Harduf Waldorf School includes both Jewish and Arab faculty and students, and has extensive contact with the surrounding Arab communities. In Hilf near Haifa, there is also a joint Arab-Jewish Waldorf kindergarten, the first joint Arab-Jewish kindergarten in Israel.
The Christian Community
Towards the end of Steiner’s life, a group of theology students (primarily Lutheran, with some Roman Catholic members) approached Steiner for help in reviving Christianity, in particular “to bridge the widening gulf between modern science and the world of spirit.” They approached a notable Lutheran pastor, Friedrich Rittelmeyer, who was already working with Steiner’s ideas, to join their efforts. Out of their co-operative endeavor, the Movement for Religious Renewal, now generally known as The Christian Community, was born. Steiner emphasized that he considered this movement, and his role in creating it, to be independent of his anthroposophical work, as he wished anthroposophy to be independent of any particular religion or religious denomination.
Reception of anthroposophy
Notable supporters
Anthroposophy has had many prominent supporters outside of the movement. Among these have been many writers, artists and musicians; these include Pulitzer Prize-winning and Nobel Laureate Saul Bellow,  Andrei Bely,  Joseph Beuys,  Owen Barfield, Wassily Kandinsky,  Nobel Laureates Selma Lagerlöf  and Albert Schweitzer,[citation needed] Andrei Tarkovsky  Bruno Walter, and Alternative Nobel Prize winner Ibrahim Abouleish.
Scientific basis
Though Rudolf Steiner studied natural science at the Vienna Technical University at the undergraduate level, his doctorate was in epistemology and very little of his work is directly concerned with the empirical sciences. In his mature work, when he did refer to science it was often to present phenomenological or Goethean science as an alternative to what he considered the materialistic science of his contemporaries.
His primary interest was in applying the methodology of science to realms of inner experience and the spiritual worlds (Steiner’s appreciation that the essence of science is its method of inquiry is unusual among esotericists[82]), and Steiner called anthroposophy Geisteswissenschaft (lit.: Science of the mind, or cultural or spiritual science), a term generally used in German to refer to the humanities and social sciences;[83] in fact, the term “science” is used more broadly in Europe as a general term that refers to any exact knowledge.
Anthroposophy’s] methodology is to employ a scientific way of thinking, but to apply this methodology, which normally excludes our inner experience from consideration, instead to the human being proper.
Whether this is a sufficient basis for anthroposophy to be considered a spiritual science has been a matter of controversy.  As Freda Easton explained in her study of Waldorf schools, “Whether one accepts anthroposophy as a science depends upon whether one accepts Steiner’s interpretation of a science that extends the consciousness and capacity of human beings to experience their inner spiritual world.”  Sven Ove Hansson has disputed anthroposophy’s claim to a scientific basis, stating that its ideas are not empirically derived and neither reproducible nor testable.
Carlo Willmann points out that as, on its own terms, anthroposophical methodology offers no possibility of being falsified except through its own procedures of spiritual investigation, no intersubjective validation is possible by conventional scientific methods; it thus cannot stand up to positivistic science’s criticism.[3] Peter Schneider calls such objections untenable on the grounds that if a non-sensory, non-physical realm exists, then according to Steiner the experiences of pure thinking possible within the normal realm of consciousness would already be experiences of that, and it would be impossible to exclude the possibility of empirically grounded experiences of other supersensory content.
Olav Hammer suggests that anthroposophy carries scientism “to lengths unparalleled in any other Esoteric position” due to its dependence upon claims of clairvoyant experience, its subsuming natural science under “spiritual science”, and its development of what Hammer calls “fringe” sciences such as anthroposophical medicine and biodynamic agriculture justified partly on the basis of the ethical and ecological values they promote, rather than purely on a scientific basis.
Though Steiner saw that spiritual vision itself is difficult for others to achieve, he recommended open-mindedly exploring and rationally testing the results of such research; he also urged others to follow a spiritual training that would allow them directly to apply the methods he used eventually to achieve comparable results.
Some results of Steiner’s research have been investigated and supported by scientists working to further and extend scientific observation in directions suggested by an anthroposophical approach.
Religious nature
As an explicitly spiritual movement, anthroposophy has sometimes been called a religious philosophy.
In 2005, a California federal court ruled that a group alleging that anthroposophy is a religion for Establishment Clause purposes did not provide any legally admissible evidence in support of this view; the case is under appeal. In 2000, a French court ruled that a government minister’s description of anthroposophy as a cult was defamatory.
Statements on race
Anthroposophical ideas have been criticized from both sides in the race debate; for their strong stance against racism:
From the mid-1930s on, National Socialist ideologues attacked the anthroposophical world-view as being opposed to Nazi racist and nationalistic principles; anthroposophy considered “Blood, Race and Folk” as primitive instincts that must be overcome as well as for rankings of races that have been perceived in Steiner’s philosophy:
…with regard to race, a naive version of the evolution of consciousness, a theory foundational to both Steiner’s anthroposophy and Waldorf education, sometimes places one race below another in one or another dimension of development.
The Anthroposophical Society in America has stated:
We explicitly reject any racial theory that may be construed to be part of Rudolf Steiner’s writings. The Anthroposophical Society in America is an open, public society and it rejects any purported spiritual or scientific theory on the basis of which the alleged superiority of one race is justified at the expense of another race.

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Anthroposophy – A Spiritual Philosophy
Anthroposophy, a philosophy founded by Rudolf Steiner, postulates the existence of an objective, intellectually comprehensible spiritual world accessible to direct experience through inner development. More specifically, it aims to develop faculties of perceptive imagination, inspiration and intuition through cultivating a form of thinking independent of sensory experience, and to present the results thus derived in a manner subject to rational verification. In its investigations of the spiritual world, anthroposophy aims to attain the precision and clarity attained by the natural sciences in their investigations of the physical world.
Anthroposophical ideas have been applied practically in many areas including Steiner/Waldorf education, special education (most prominently through the Camphill Movement), agriculture, medicine, ethical banking, organizational development, and the arts.
The Anthroposophical Society has its international center at the Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland.
Part of a series on
Anthroposophy in General
Anthroposophy by Rudolf Steiner
Goetheanum · Anthroposophical Society
Anthroposophically inspired work
Anthroposophical medicine · Biodynamic agriculture
Camphill Movement · Eurhythmy · Waldorf education
Philosophy
Philosophy of Freedom
Social three folding-Histories
 Etymology of anthroposophy
Anthroposophy in brief
Anthroposophy and Judaism
Rudolf Steiner was a leader of The Earth’s Early Work of Philosophy of Freedom – as The Philosophy of Spiritual Activity and Intuitive Thinking as a Spiritual Path.
The early work of the founder of anthroposophy, Rudolf Steiner, culminated in his Philosophy of Freedom (also translated as The Philosophy of Spiritual Activity and Intuitive Thinking as a Spiritual Path). Here, Steiner developed a concept of free will based on inner experiences, especially those that occur in the creative activity of independent thought.
By the beginning of the twentieth century, Steiner’s interests were leading him further and further into explicitly spiritual areas of research. These studies were of interest to others who were already oriented towards spiritual ideas; among these was the Theosophical Society. Theosophy was in vogue in Esotericism in Germany and Austria during that time. From 1900 on, thanks to the positive reception given to his ideas, Steiner’s involvement with the Theosophical Society confirmed and reinforced his spiritual identity as a charismatic seer; this became key to breaking the feeling of imposed silence that characterized his earlier life.
It was here that he was to find not only the woman who was to become his esoteric partner and second wife, Marie von Sievers (owner of the Berlin Theosophical headquarters), but the answer to the question asked in his Autobiography ‘…how can I find the way to express in terms understandable to my contemporaries what I inwardly perceive directly as the truth?’
Steiner took a leading role in the Theosophical Society’s section in Germany, becoming its secretary in 1902. During the years of his leadership, membership increased dramatically, from a few individuals to sixty-nine Lodges.
By 1907, a split between Steiner and the mainstream Theosophical Society had begun to become apparent. While the Society was oriented toward an Eastern and especially Indian approach, Steiner was trying to develop a path that embraced Christianity and natural science.
The split became irrevocable when Annie Besant, then president of the Theosophical Society, began to present the child Jiddu Krishnamurti as the reincarnated Christ. Steiner strongly objected and considered any comparison between Krishnamurti and Christ to be nonsense; many years later, Krishnamurti also repudiated the assertion. Steiner’s continuing differences with Besant led him to separate from the Theosophical Society Adyar; he was followed by the great majority of the membership of the Theosophical Society’s German Section, as well as members of other national sections.
By this time, Steiner had reached considerable stature as a spiritual teacher.
He spoke about what he considered to be his direct experience of the Akashic Records (sometimes called the “Akasha Chronicle”), thought to be a spiritual chronicle of the history, pre-history, and future of the world and mankind.
 In a number of works, Steiner described a path of inner development he felt would let anyone attain comparable spiritual experiences. Sound vision could be developed, in part, by practicing rigorous forms of ethical and cognitive self-discipline, concentration, and meditation; in particular, a person’s moral development must precede the development of spiritual faculties.
Second Goetheanum, seat of the Anthroposophical Society.
In 1912, the Anthroposophical Society was founded. After World War I, the Anthroposophical movement took on new directions. Projects such as schools, centers for those with special needs, organic farms and medical clinics were established, all inspired by anthroposophy. In 1923, faced with differences between older members focusing on inner development and younger members eager to become active in the social transformations of the time, Steiner refounded the Society in an inclusive manner and established a School for Spiritual Science. As a spiritual basis for the refounded movement, Steiner wrote the mantric poem Foundation Stone Meditation expressing the aspects of the human soul in relation to the outer and spiritual worlds. Steiner died just over a year later, in 1925.
The Second World War temporarily hindered the anthroposophical movement in most of Continental Europe, as the Anthroposophical Society and most of its daughter movements (e.g. Steiner/Waldorf education) were banned by the National Socialists (Nazis);] virtually no anthroposophists ever joined the National Socialist Party.
By 2007, national branches of the Anthroposophical Society had been established in fifty countries, and about 10,000 institutions around the world were working on the basis of anthroposophy.
In the same year, the Anthroposophical Society was called the “most important esoteric society in European history.”
Etymology of Anthroposophy
The term anthroposophy is from the Greek, virtually *ανθρωποσοφία, from ἄνθρωπος “human”, and σοφία “wisdom”. It is listed by Nathan Bailey (1742) as meaning “the knowledge of the nature of man” (OED). Authors whose usage predates Steiner’s include occultist Agrippa von Nettesheim, alchemist Thomas Vaughn (Anthroposophia Theomagica), and philosophers Immanuel Hermann Fichte and Robert Zimmermann (Anthroposophie im Umriss); Steiner wrote his doctoral thesis on Fichte and attended Zimmermann’s classes at the University of Vienna.
Steiner began using the word to refer to his philosophy in the early 1900s as an alternative to theosophy, the term for Madame Blavatsky’s movement, itself from the Greek θεοσοφία, with a longer history with a meaning of “divine wisdom”.
Anthroposophy in brief
Spiritual knowledge and freedom
Anthroposophical proponents aim to extend the clarity of the scientific method to phenomena of human soul-life and to spiritual experiences. This requires developing new faculties of objective spiritual perception, which Steiner maintained was possible for humanity today. The steps of this process of inner development he identified as consciously achieved imagination, inspiration and intuition.
Steiner believed results of this form of spiritual research should be expressed in a way that can be understood and evaluated on the same basis as the results of natural science:
 “The anthroposophical schooling of thinking leads to the development of a non-sensory, or so-called supersensory consciousness, whereby the spiritual researcher brings the experiences of this realm into ideas, concepts, and expressive language in a form which people can understand who do not yet have the capacity to achieve the supersensory experiences necessary for individual research.”
Steiner hoped to form a spiritual movement that would free the individual from any external authority: “The most important problem of all human thinking is this: to comprehend the human being as a personality grounded in him or herself.”
 For Steiner, the human capacity for rational thought would allow individuals to comprehend spiritual research on their own and bypass the danger of dependency on an authority.
Steiner contrasted the anthroposophical approach with both conventional mysticism, which he considered lacking the clarity necessary for exact knowledge, and natural science, which he considered arbitrarily limited to investigating the outer world.
Nature of the human being
The Representative of Humanity, detail of a sculpture in wood by Rudolf Steiner and Edith Maryon.
Anthroposophical view of the human being
In Theosophy, Steiner suggested that human beings unite a physical body of a nature common to (and that ultimately returns to) the inorganic world; a life body (also called the etheric body), in common with all living creatures (including plants); a bearer of sentience or consciousness (also called the astral body), in common with all animals; and the ego, which anchors the faculty of self-awareness unique to human beings.
Anthroposophy describes a broad evolution of human consciousness. Early stages of human evolution possess an intuitive perception of reality, including a clairvoyant perception of spiritual realities. Humanity has progressively evolved an increasing reliance on intellectual faculties and a corresponding loss of intuitive or clairvoyant experiences, which have become atavistic.
The increasing intellectualization of consciousness, initially a progressive direction of evolution, has led to an excessive reliance on abstraction and a loss of contact with both natural and spiritual realities. However, to go further requires new capacities that combine the clarity of intellectual thought with the imagination, and beyond this with consciously achieved inspiration and intuitive insights.
Anthroposophy speaks of the reincarnation of the human spirit:
That the human being passes between stages of existence, incarnating into an earthly body, living on earth, leaving the body behind and entering into the spiritual worlds before returning to be born again into a new life on earth. After the death of the physical body, the human spirit recapitulates the past life, perceiving its events as they were experienced by the objects of its actions. A complex transformation takes place between the review of the past life and the preparation for the next life. The individual’s karmic condition eventually leads to a choice of parents, physical body, disposition, and capacities that provide the challenges and opportunities that further development requires, which includes karmically chosen tasks for the future life.
Steiner described some conditions that determine the interdependence of a person’s lives, or karma.
Evolution
The anthroposophical view of evolution considers all animals to have evolved from an early, unspecialized form. As the least specialized animal, human beings have maintained the closest connection to the archetypal form; contrary to the Darwinian conception of human evolution, all other animals devolve from this archetype
 The spiritual archetype originally created by spiritual beings was devoid of physical substance; only later did this descend into material existence on Earth.
“The evolution of man, Steiner said, has consisted in the gradual incarnation of a spiritual being into a material body. It has been a true “descent” of man from a spiritual world into a world of matter. The evolution of the animal kingdom did not precede, but rather accompanied the process of human incarnation. Man is thus not the end result of the evolution of the animals, but is rather in a certain sense their cause. In the succession of types which appears in the fossil record-the fishes, reptiles, mammals, and finally fossil remains of man himself — the stages of this process of incarnation are reflected.”
Christ between Lucifer and Ahriman
The anthroposophical view is that good is found in the balance between two polar, generally evil influences on world and human evolution. Two spiritual adversaries endeavor to tempt and corrupt humanity: Lucifer and his counterpart Ahriman. Steiner described both positive and negative aspects of both figures. Lucifer is the light spirit, which “plays on human pride and offers the delusion of divinity”, but also motivates creativity and spirituality; Ahriman is the dark spirit, which tempts human beings to “…deny [their] link with divinity and to live entirely on the material plane”, but also stimulates intellectuality and technology. Both figures exert a negative effect on humanity when their influence becomes misplaced or one-sided, yet their influences are necessary for human freedom to unfold.
Each human being has the task to find a balance between these opposing influences, and each is helped in this task by the mediation of the Representative of Humanity, also known as the Christ being, a spiritual entity who stands between and harmonizes the two extremes.
Applications
Further information: Rudolf Steiner’s Breadth of activities
Applications of anthroposophy include
Steiner/Waldorf education
This is a pedagogical movement with over 1000 Steiner or Waldorf schools (the latter name stems from the first such school, founded in Stuttgart in 1919) located in some 60 countries; the great majority of these are independent (private) schools.
 Sixteen of the schools have been affiliated with the United Nations’ UNESCO Associated Schools Project Network, which sponsors education projects that foster improved quality of education throughout the world, in particular in terms of its ethical, cultural, and international dimensions. Waldorf schools receive full or partial governmental funding in some European nations, Australia and in parts of the United States (as Waldorf method public or charter schools).
The schools are located in a wide variety of communities and cultures: from the impoverished favelas of São Paulo to the wealthy suburbs of New York City; in India, Egypt, Australia, Holland, Mexico and South Africa. Though most of the early Waldorf schools were teacher-founded, the schools today are usually initiated and later supported by an active parent community. Waldorf education is one of the most visible practical applications of an anthroposophical view and understanding of the human being and has been characterized as “the leader of the international movement for a New Education,”
Biodynamic agriculture
Biodynamic agriculture, the first intentional form of organic farming, began in the 1920s when Rudolf Steiner gave a series of lectures since published as Agriculture. Steiner is considered one of the founders of the modern organic farming movement
Anthroposophical medicine
Main article: Anthroposophical medicine
Steiner gave several series of lectures to physicians and medical students. Out of those grew a complementary medical movement, which now includes hundreds of M.D.s, chiefly in Europe and North America, and has its own clinics, hospitals, and medical schools.
One of the most studied applications has been the use of mistletoe extracts in cancer therapy.
 The extracts are generally no longer used to reduce or inhibit tumor growth, for which verifiable results have been found in vitro and in animal studies but not in humans, but instead to improve the patients’ quality of life and to reduce tumor-induced symptoms and the side-effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
 According to the National Cancer Institute, “Mistletoe extract has been shown to kill cancer cells in the laboratory and to affect the immune system. However, there is limited evidence that mistletoe’s effects on the immune system help the body fight cancer…. At present, the use of mistletoe cannot be recommended outside the context of well-designed clinical trials.”
Special needs education and services
Main article: Camphill Movement
In 1922, Ita Wegman founded an anthroposophical center for special needs education, the Sonnenhof, in Switzerland. In 1940, Karl König founded the Camphill Movement in Scotland. The latter in particular has spread widely, and there are now over a hundred Camphill communities and other anthroposophical homes for children and adults in need of special care in about 22 countries around the world.
Architecture
The First Goetheanum, designed by Steiner in 1920, Dornach, Switzerland.
Steiner himself designed around thirteen buildings, many of them significant works in a unique, organic—expressionist architectural style.
Foremost among these are his designs for the two Goetheanum buildings in Dornach, Switzerland. Thousands of further buildings have been built by later generations of anthroposophic architects.
Architects who have been strongly influenced by the anthroposophic style include Imre Makovecz in Hungary, Hans Scharoun and Joachim Eble in Germany, Erik Asmussen in Sweden, Kenji Imai in Japan, Thomas Rau, Anton Alberts and Max van Huut in Holland, Christopher Day and Camphill Architects in the UK, Thompson and Rose in America, Denis Bowman in Canada, and Walter Burley Griffin and Gregory Burgess in Australia.
One of the most famous contemporary buildings by an anthroposophical architect is ING House, an ING Bank building in Amsterdam, which has received several awards for its ecological design and approach to a self-sustaining ecology as an autonomous building and example of sustainable architecture.
Eurythmy
Main article: Eurythmy
In the arts, Steiner’s new art of eurythmy gained early renown.
 Eurythmy seeks to renew the spiritual foundations of dance, revealing speech and music in visible movement. There are now active stage groups and training centers, mostly of modest proportions, in
twelve ( 12) countries.
Social finance
See also: Social finance
Around the world today are a number of banks, companies, charities, and schools for developing co-operative forms of business using Steiner’s ideas about economic associations, aiming at harmonious and socially responsible roles in the world economy.
BANK
 The first anthroposophic bank was the Gemeinschaftsbank für Leihen und Schenken in Bochum, Germany, founded in 1974.
 Socially responsible banks founded out of anthroposophy in the English-speaking world include Triodos Bank, founded in 1980 and active in the UK, Netherlands and Spain, La Nef in France and RSF Social Finance in San Francisco.
Organizational development, counselling and biography work
Bernard Lievegoed, a psychiatrist, founded a new method of individual and institutional development oriented towards humanizing organizations and linked with Steiner’s ideas of the threefold social order. This work is represented by the NPI Institute for Organizational Development in Holland and sister organizations in many other countries.
 Various forms of biographic and counseling work have been developed on the basis of anthroposophy.
Speech and drama
There are also anthroposophical movements to renew speech and drama, the most important of which are based in the work of Marie Steiner-von Sivers (speech formation, also known as Creative Speech) and the Chekhov Method originated by Michael Chekhov (nephew of Anton Chekhov).
Other areas
Other areas of anthroposophic work include:
John Wilkes’ fountain-like flowforms. These sculptural forms guide water into rhythmic movement and are used both in water-purification projects and as decorative fountains.
Phenomenological approaches to science,
New approaches to painting and sculpture.
Social goals
Social Threefolding
For a period after World War I, Steiner was extremely active and well known in Germany, in part because he lectured widely proposing social reforms. Steiner was a sharp critic of nationalism, which he saw as outdated, and a proponent of achieving social solidarity through individual freedom.
 A petition proposing a radical change in the German constitution and expressing his basic social ideas (signed by Herman Hesse, among others) was widely circulated.
 His main book on social reform is Toward Social Renewal.
Anthroposophy continues to aim at reforming society through maintaining and strengthening the independence of the spheres of cultural life, human rights and the economy. It emphasizes a particular ideal in each of these three realms of society:
Freedom in cultural life
Equality of rights, the sphere of legislation and the judiciary
Fraternity in the economic sphere
Esoteric path
Paths of spiritual development
According to Steiner, a real spiritual world exists, out of which the material one gradually condensed and evolved. Steiner held that the spiritual world can be researched in the right circumstances through direct experience, by persons practicing rigorous forms of ethical and cognitive self-discipline. Steiner described many exercises he said were suited to strengthening such self-discipline; the most complete exposition of these is found in his book  How To Know Higher Worlds.
The aim of these exercises is to develop higher levels of consciousness through meditation and observation. Details about the spiritual world, Steiner suggested, could on such a basis be discovered and reported, though no more infallibly than the results of natural science.
Anthroposophy is a path of knowledge, to guide the spiritual in the human being to the spiritual in the universe…. Anthroposophists are those who experience, as an essential need of life, certain questions on the nature of the human being and the universe, just as one experiences hunger and thirst.
Steiner regarded his research reports as being important aids to others seeking to enter into spiritual experience. He suggested that a combination of spiritual exercises (for example, concentrating on an object such as a seed), moral development (control of thought, feelings and will combined with openness, tolerance and flexibility) and familiarity with other spiritual researchers’ results would best further an individual’s spiritual development. He consistently emphasized that any inner, spiritual practice should be undertaken in such a way as not to interfere with one’s responsibilities in outer life. In anthroposophy, artistic expression is also treated as a potentially valuable bridge between spiritual and material reality.
Prerequisites to and stages of inner development
A person seeking inner development must first of all make the attempt to give up certain formerly held inclinations. Then, new inclinations must be acquired by constantly holding the thought of such inclinations, virtues or characteristics in one’s mind. They must be so incorporated into one’s being that a person becomes enabled to alter his soul by his own will-power. This must be tried as objectively as a chemical might be tested in an experiment. A person who has never endeavored to change his soul, who has never made the initial decision to develop the qualities of endurance, steadfastness and calm logical thinking, or a person who has such decisions but has given up because he did not succeed in a week, a month, a year or a decade, will never conclude anything inwardly about these truths.
—Rudolf Steiner, “On the Inner Life”,
Steiner’s stated prerequisites to beginning on a spiritual path include a willingness to take up serious cognitive studies, a respect for factual evidence, and a responsible attitude. Central to progress on the path itself is a harmonious cultivation of the following qualities:
Control over one’s own thinking
Control over one’s will
Composure
Positivity
Impartiality
Steiner sees meditation as a concentration and enhancement of the power of thought. By focusing consciously on an idea, feeling or intention the meditant seeks to arrive at pure thinking, a state exemplified by but not confined to pure mathematics. In Steiner’s view, conventional sensory-material knowledge is achieved through relating perception and concepts. The anthroposophic path of esoteric training articulates three further stages of supersensory knowledge, which do not necessarily follow strictly sequentially in any single individual’s spiritual progress.
By focusing on symbolic patterns, images, and poetic mantras, the meditant can achieve consciously directed Imaginations that allow sensory phenomena to appear as the expression of underlying beings of a soul-spiritual nature.
By transcending such imaginative pictures, the meditant can become conscious of the meditative activity itself, which leads to experiences of expressions of soul-spiritual beings unmediated by sensory phenomena or qualities. Steiner calls this stage Inspiration.
By intensifying the will-forces through exercises such as a chronologically reversed review of the day’s events, the meditant can achieve a further stage of inner independence from sensory experience, leading to direct contact, and even union, with spiritual beings (“Intuition”) without loss of individual awareness.
Spiritual exercises
Main article: Rudolf Steiner’s exercises for spiritual development
Steiner described numerous exercises he believed would bring spiritual development; other anthroposophists have added many others. A central principle is that “for every step in spiritual perception, three steps are to be taken in moral development.” According to Anthroposophy, moral development reveals the extent to which one has achieved control over one’s inner life and can exercise it in harmony with the spiritual life of other people; it shows the real progress in spiritual development, the fruits of which are given in spiritual perception. It also guarantees the capacity to distinguish between false perceptions or illusions (which are possible in perceptions of both the outer world and the inner world) and true perceptions, or, better said, to distinguish in any perception between the influence of subjective elements (i.e., viewpoint) and the objective reality the perception points at.
Place in Western philosophy
Steiner built upon Goethe’s conception of an imaginative power capable of synthesizing the sense-perceptible form of a thing (an image of its outer appearance) and the concept we have of that thing (an image of its inner structure or nature). Steiner added to this the conception that a further step in the development of thinking is possible when the thinker observes his or her own thought processes. “The organ of observation and the observed thought process are then identical, so that the condition thus arrived at is simultaneously one of perception through thinking and one of thought through perception.”
Thus, in Steiner’s view, we can overcome the subject-object divide through inner activity, even though all human experience begins by being conditioned by it. In this connection, Steiner examines the step from thinking determined by outer impressions to what he calls sense-free thinking. He characterizes thoughts he considers without sensory content, such as mathematical or logical thoughts, as free deeds. Steiner believed he had thus located the origin of free will in our thinking, and in particular in sense-free thinking.
Some of the epistemic basis for Steiner’s later anthroposophical work is contained in the seminal work, Philosophy of Freedom.[58] In his early works, Steiner sought to overcome what he perceived as the dualism of Cartesian idealism and Kantian subjectivism by developing Goethe’s conception of the human being as a natural-supernatural entity, that is: natural in that humanity is a product of nature, supernatural in that through our conceptual powers we extend nature’s realm, allowing it to achieve a reflective capacity in us as philosophy, art and science.
Steiner was one of the first European philosophers to overcome the subject-object split in Western thought. Though not well known among philosophers, his philosophical work was taken up by Owen Barfield (and through him influenced the Inklings, an Oxford group of Christian writers that included J. R. R. Tolkien and C. S. Lewis)[60] and Richard Tarnas.
Christian and Jewish mystical thought have also influenced the development of Anthroposophy.
Possibility of a union of science and spirit
Steiner believed in the possibility of applying the clarity of scientific thinking to spiritual experience, which he saw as deriving from an objectively existing spiritual world.
 Steiner identified mathematics, which attains certainty through thinking itself, thus through inner experience rather than empirical observation, as the basis of his epistemology of spiritual experience.
Relationship to religion
Christ as the center of earthly evolution
Steiner’s writing, though appreciative of all religions and cultural developments, emphasizes Western tradition as having evolved to meet contemporary needs.
 He describes Christ and his mission on earth of bringing individuated consciousness as having a particularly important place in human evolution, whereby: Christianity has evolved out of previous religions;
The being which manifests in Christianity also manifests in all faiths and religions, and each religion is valid and true for the time and cultural context in which it was born;
All historical forms of Christianity need to be transformed considerably to meet the continuing evolution of humanity.
Spiritual science does not want to usurp the place of Christianity; on the contrary it would like to be instrumental in making Christianity understood. Thus it becomes clear to us through spiritual science that the being that we call Christ is to be recognized as the center of life on earth, that the Christian religion is the ultimate religion for the earth’s whole future. Spiritual science shows us particularly that the pre-Christian religions outgrow their one-sidedness and come together in the Christian faith. It is not the desire of spiritual science to set something else in the place of Christianity; rather it wants to contribute to a deeper, more heartfelt understanding of Christianity.
Thus, anthroposophy considers there to be a being who unifies all religions, and who is not represented by any particular religious faith. This being is, according to Steiner, not only the Redeemer of the Fall from Paradise, but also the unique pivot and meaning of earth’s evolutionary processes and of human history.
To describe this being, Steiner periodically used terms such as the “Representative of Humanity” or the “good spirit” rather than any denominational term.
This view has certain similarities to the concepts of Christogenesis advocated by Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.
Divergence from conventional Christian thought
Steiner’s views of Christianity diverge from conventional Christian thought in key places, and include gnostic elements:
One central point of divergence is Steiner’s views on reincarnation and karma.
Steiner differentiated three contemporary paths by which he believed it possible to arrive at Christ:
Through heart-filled experiences of the Gospels; Steiner described this as the historically dominant path, but becoming less important in the future.
Through inner experiences of a spiritual reality; this Steiner regarded as increasingly the path of spiritual or religious seekers today.
Through initiatory experiences whereby the reality of Christ’s death and resurrection are experienced; Steiner believed this is the path people will increasingly take.
Steiner also believed that there were two different Jesus children involved in the Incarnation of the Christ: one child descended from Solomon, as described in the Gospel of Matthew, the other child from Nathan, as described in the Gospel of Luke.
(The genealogies given in the two gospels diverge some thirty generations before Jesus’ birth, and ‘Jesus’ was a common name in biblical times.)
His view of the second coming of Christ is also unusual; he suggested that this would not be a physical reappearance, but that the Christ being would become manifest in non-physical form, visible to spiritual vision and apparent in community life for increasing numbers of people beginning around the year 1933.
He emphasized his belief that in the future humanity would need to be able to recognize the Spirit of Love in all its genuine forms, regardless of what name would be used to describe this being. He also warned that the traditional name of the Christ might be misused, and the true essence of this being of love ignored.
Anthroposophy and Judaism
Rudolf Steiner wrote and lectured on Judaism and Jewish issues for much of his life. In the 1880s and 1890s, he took part in debates on anti-semitism and on assimilation. He was a fierce opponent of anti-semitism and supported the unconditional acceptance and integration of the Jews in Europe. He also supported Émile Zola’s position in the Dreyfus affair.
Rudolf Steiner emphasized Judaism’s central importance to the constitution of the modern era in the West: “Moses stood there as the founder of the modern intellectual worldview.” Jewish themes form a very central part of the curricula of Waldorf schools, in particular the history of Moses and the establishment of the Land of Israel. A number of early anthroposophists, such as Karl König, the founder of the Camphill movement, were Jewish.
In his later life, Steiner was accused by the Nazis of being a Jew, and Adolf Hitler labeled Anthroposophy “Jewish methods.” The anthroposophical institutions in Germany were banned during Nazi rule and several anthroposophists sent to concentration camps.
Jewish thinkers such as Martin Buber and Hugo Bergmann were also influenced by Anthroposophy. Hugo Bergmann viewed Steiner’s social ideas as a solution to the Arab–Jewish conflict. In Israel, there are several anthroposophical organisations, including the anthroposophical kibbutz Harduf. The Harduf Waldorf School includes both Jewish and Arab faculty and students, and has extensive contact with the surrounding Arab communities. In Hilf near Haifa, there is also a joint Arab-Jewish Waldorf kindergarten, the first joint Arab-Jewish kindergarten in Israel.
The Christian Community
Towards the end of Steiner’s life, a group of theology students (primarily Lutheran, with some Roman Catholic members) approached Steiner for help in reviving Christianity, in particular “to bridge the widening gulf between modern science and the world of spirit.” They approached a notable Lutheran pastor, Friedrich Rittelmeyer, who was already working with Steiner’s ideas, to join their efforts. Out of their co-operative endeavor, the Movement for Religious Renewal, now generally known as The Christian Community, was born. Steiner emphasized that he considered this movement, and his role in creating it, to be independent of his anthroposophical work, as he wished anthroposophy to be independent of any particular religion or religious denomination.
Reception of anthroposophy
Notable supporters
Anthroposophy has had many prominent supporters outside of the movement. Among these have been many writers, artists and musicians; these include Pulitzer Prize-winning and Nobel Laureate Saul Bellow,  Andrei Bely,  Joseph Beuys,  Owen Barfield, Wassily Kandinsky,  Nobel Laureates Selma Lagerlöf  and Albert Schweitzer,[citation needed] Andrei Tarkovsky  Bruno Walter, and Alternative Nobel Prize winner Ibrahim Abouleish.
Scientific basis
Though Rudolf Steiner studied natural science at the Vienna Technical University at the undergraduate level, his doctorate was in epistemology and very little of his work is directly concerned with the empirical sciences. In his mature work, when he did refer to science it was often to present phenomenological or Goethean science as an alternative to what he considered the materialistic science of his contemporaries.
His primary interest was in applying the methodology of science to realms of inner experience and the spiritual worlds (Steiner’s appreciation that the essence of science is its method of inquiry is unusual among esotericists[82]), and Steiner called anthroposophy Geisteswissenschaft (lit.: Science of the mind, or cultural or spiritual science), a term generally used in German to refer to the humanities and social sciences;[83] in fact, the term “science” is used more broadly in Europe as a general term that refers to any exact knowledge.
Anthroposophy’s] methodology is to employ a scientific way of thinking, but to apply this methodology, which normally excludes our inner experience from consideration, instead to the human being proper.
Whether this is a sufficient basis for anthroposophy to be considered a spiritual science has been a matter of controversy.  As Freda Easton explained in her study of Waldorf schools, “Whether one accepts anthroposophy as a science depends upon whether one accepts Steiner’s interpretation of a science that extends the consciousness and capacity of human beings to experience their inner spiritual world.”  Sven Ove Hansson has disputed anthroposophy’s claim to a scientific basis, stating that its ideas are not empirically derived and neither reproducible nor testable.
Carlo Willmann points out that as, on its own terms, anthroposophical methodology offers no possibility of being falsified except through its own procedures of spiritual investigation, no intersubjective validation is possible by conventional scientific methods; it thus cannot stand up to positivistic science’s criticism.[3] Peter Schneider calls such objections untenable on the grounds that if a non-sensory, non-physical realm exists, then according to Steiner the experiences of pure thinking possible within the normal realm of consciousness would already be experiences of that, and it would be impossible to exclude the possibility of empirically grounded experiences of other supersensory content.
Olav Hammer suggests that anthroposophy carries scientism “to lengths unparalleled in any other Esoteric position” due to its dependence upon claims of clairvoyant experience, its subsuming natural science under “spiritual science”, and its development of what Hammer calls “fringe” sciences such as anthroposophical medicine and biodynamic agriculture justified partly on the basis of the ethical and ecological values they promote, rather than purely on a scientific basis.
Though Steiner saw that spiritual vision itself is difficult for others to achieve, he recommended open-mindedly exploring and rationally testing the results of such research; he also urged others to follow a spiritual training that would allow them directly to apply the methods he used eventually to achieve comparable results.
Some results of Steiner’s research have been investigated and supported by scientists working to further and extend scientific observation in directions suggested by an anthroposophical approach.
Religious nature
As an explicitly spiritual movement, anthroposophy has sometimes been called a religious philosophy.
In 2005, a California federal court ruled that a group alleging that anthroposophy is a religion for Establishment Clause purposes did not provide any legally admissible evidence in support of this view; the case is under appeal. In 2000, a French court ruled that a government minister’s description of anthroposophy as a cult was defamatory.
Statements on race
Anthroposophical ideas have been criticized from both sides in the race debate; for their strong stance against racism:
From the mid-1930s on, National Socialist ideologues attacked the anthroposophical world-view as being opposed to Nazi racist and nationalistic principles; anthroposophy considered “Blood, Race and Folk” as primitive instincts that must be overcome as well as for rankings of races that have been perceived in Steiner’s philosophy:
…with regard to race, a naive version of the evolution of consciousness, a theory foundational to both Steiner’s anthroposophy and Waldorf education, sometimes places one race below another in one or another dimension of development.
The Anthroposophical Society in America has stated:
We explicitly reject any racial theory that may be construed to be part of Rudolf Steiner’s writings. The Anthroposophical Society in America is an open, public society and it rejects any purported spiritual or scientific theory on the basis of which the alleged superiority of one race is justified at the expense of another race.

Ascension Age 2012 & Beyond

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The Alien ET UFO Community is strategically planning how to balance the future with our peers. UFO Digest has been publishing articles by TJ Thurmond Morris since Aug 7, 2007. TJ’s a contributor as an author entrepreneur and has shared in social media on the internet in cyberspace since. TJ is now going to share in the grounding and balancing of all her past shares with the UFO and MUFON readers of interest. We are going to share in the three (3) main areas of TJ’s life in order to focus on the energy as essence that will be passed down to her children on earth. For now, TJ has the TJ Morris.org, ETSpirit.org, AscensionCenter.org and all of these will now be managed in a business administration atmosphere as the ACO Corp as a C Corporation in Kentucky, USA where TJ lives in Beaver Dam.

ACE FOLKLIFE in America and Ascension Center Org now ACO Corp, A C Corporation of Kentucky USA

SUPPORT OUR TROOPS on earth and in space for the sustainability of our planet and species.

We all have to start planting seeds so we can reap our harvest in our eternal soul’s progression.

Ascension Age now is a project that has begun. TJ Thurmond Morris founder of Ascension Center for the future of 2012 & beyond is now working in what she termed Global Tectonic Economics with Tech Connect. Tech Connect is one of the many small companies which offer services to all those who are a member of ACE Folklife, Ascension Center.org, TJMorris.org, and ETSpirit.org.

The New corporation began by Theresa J. Morris is to begin organizing business ventures into a holding company for administration of Business Internet Solutions Services for various small businesses, associations, organizations, and social media friends of TJ’s.

TJ’s daughter Ginger T. Parrish Bowers is an author and minister of the Ascension Center Organization and presently resides in Florida, USA. The spiritual aspects of the corporation as a faith based organization will be about assisting the younger generations of the Indigo children who are the children of the Baby Boomers. TJ is a baby boomer with many ties and interests in various social media niche genres including the ACE as authors, copywriter, and editors established in the USA and Canada.

ACE FOLKLIFE is about emphasizing the interests in art, culture, education, of all that the UNESCO is involved in around the world. The main theme for the entire global community now reflects the categories in cyberspace of art, culture, education, science, technology, folklife, and history.

We at ACO Corp will be assisting everyone in our new community of practice skills as COPS.

We specialize in whole life living Life Coaching as Lightworkers and Truthseekers for faith, hope, charity, and the greatest is love for our fellow humankind. We are about sustainability through higher consciousness. We share the awakened awareness of health and prosperity for ALL!

We inside our own spiritual soul self-know that we feel as though we are the center of our own universe of which we try to control. When one let’s go and let’s god then we are turning over our power to a higher control and we allow the force to work through us.

This can be a deep spiritual awakening or re-awakening to the opening up of all our chakras which are the portals to our kundalini energy that drives our spiritual force up and down out spine.

We shall desire to elect team leaders on earth who come to terms with their balance in their lives of positive and negative and allow the flow of energy of the higher power to lead them and their crews while on earth.

World Information Network as WIN to assist all our Future Teams in our ACO Corp for our all companies organizing in the Ascension Age with Global Tectonic Economics.

Web Design

Web Hosting

IT Services

IT Training

Servers

Sales & Marketing

Call Centers

Direct Mail

Email Marketing

Online Marketing

PR Agencies

Printing Services

Promotional Items

Trade Show Displays

Shipping & Fulfillment

Finance

Computers

Business Plans

Franchises

Incorporation Services

What Makes Your Small Business Stand out One of the best things smaller businesses offer customers is a personal touch? Knowing your clients and their tastes and needs is a big part of what keeps them coming back. Whether you make designer cakes or install high-end electronics, treating your customers as individuals is one of the 5 Best States for Start-Ups.

Start-ups and small businesses are the lifeblood of America

In 2009, there were no fewer than 50 million businesses with fewer than 20 employees, providing over 189,500,000 jobs, and paying out a mind-boggling $6 billion in payroll.  In 2011, according to PriceWaterhouseCoopers, nearly $3 billion in venture capital was seeded across the United States.

Guides & Articles

Greening Your Supply Chain

Saving money by saving resources is now more than a fad for small businesses, it’s a necessity. But beyond the basics of switching to LED light bulbs and printing on both sides of the paper, there’s a world of more efficient ways to improve the bottom line by greening your supply chain.

Branding for Success

Branding — a hot business buzzword in the '90s — has come front and center again. As the economy emerges from the recession, now is the time to look at your branding and to try to get noticed and gain market share. Every business can benefit from branding, right down to the independent owner Helping Businesses Make Informed Purchasing Decisions

Utilize three primary resources to help them through all stages of their buying process.

We support others with third party companies with our information resource to assist in PR for getting the word out to all our women veteran organizations with TJ Morris ACIR. THE LESSON FOR TJ ON EARTH SHE SHARED WITH HER ALIEN ET UFO COMMUNITY ON UFO DIGEST

Sharing the Alien ET UFO Experience as the Inner Awakening Crew

Take control of your inner spirit and awaken the conscious mind to the observer inside that is connected to all things, all people, all places, and all things. The younger generation who came after Star Trek and Star Wars call this the Force.

Engage your awakened observer inside and write a book! We are all the authors of our own life stories. We are the creator, writer, designer, choreographer, actor, and director. We do it all as the observer while we are spirits inside the body. We are all consciousness inside the unity consciousness that is the balance of essence energy inside that which was created in the beginning that has always been. We allow those who came before us as our ancestors who may choose to guide us. We are to believe that there are some bad demons in this world that can enter one’s own body-mind-spirit and act out their emotions if one allows this to happen.

Teach yourself and analyze everything you do from with inside as an observer.

Awaken to the greater possibility that we are all something greater both inside our own body-mind-spirit of which we call the mental-emotional-physical-spiritual (MEPS). We are also a neurological being with a physiology that requires us to feed our energy so that our physical will not starve to death and die.

We also are to feed ourselves spiritually and to grow our spirits from the basic new soul and re-birth to that of attaining a higher level in this lifetime and the one to come.

We are all a soul having the use of a body-mind-spirit that is sharing the birth-life-death experience with outer selves on the same planet. We shall honor the golden rule and know that we treat others the way we desire to be treated. We know that Newton’s Third Law of Motion is for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

We can go anywhere we want inside our minds to paint our thoughts. We have an inner thought process where we can use thoughts to create visions. We are the observer of the pictures we create in our minds. We are not our minds we are spirit. We are spiritual beings. We are sentient intelligent humanoid beings.

We are all a part of the sea of souls and we must learn to go with the flow. We experience waves in motion and sometimes we calm our waters and there is no breeze when we are being still just to know. We learn to let go and let God. God and Goddess are in us all and the inner awakened awareness of their presence during our meditation and yoga can allow us to hear the divine guidance. We all have guides and our inner messenger may be our own observer or our higher consciousness.

We are deeper than our own conscious. We are deeper than our own thought process when we can hear ourselves think and then we try to say what we should be doing and we hear another voice speak to us like the still small inner voice we know that our minds are trying to tell us what to do. We need to use this type of awakened awareness and learn to say STOP when we are overcome with thoughts and emotions and feel anxiety and fear coming upon us.

We can know that S is for Stop. T is for Take3 deep breaths and smile in all parts of one’s own body energy which will assist our nervous and immune system and laugh at our situation when appropriate.

We can share O is for Observe. Observe the situation we are in and our surroundings and the sensations we are experiencing or enduring.

We can then say P as in Proceed with kindness and compassion and persevere with love in our hearts and have an open mind and heart to what we are experiencing in the now.

We can calm ourselves and others around us simply by thinking the opposite of whatever we feel as anger, anxiety, confusion, or fear that is causing the problem.

Self-image is what you think of you. Image is what others perceive of you. We may or may not agree with another’s perception of what we are projecting but what other’s think and perceive is not something we are here to control and it is not our business to care about what others think of us when we are in a peaceful loving knowing and understanding place going about our own business.

We know that we are the observer here as an explorer to find out who we are, why we are here, and where we go when we leave this existence. We know that Karma is the Echo of what energy we put out to others. We expand our positive energy consciousness and when we allow ourselves to feel fear we contract and feel negative energy consciousness.

Spiritual Advisers and mentors are simply guides forging a path and leaving a trail for others to find if they use their freewill and free choice to do so. No one can make another do anything unless they want too at the mind and spirit level.

We are trained on earth to take ownership of our own actions and learn to not react unless it is a natural response to danger that crosses our path that is life threatening then we may react to the situation of which may be called death.Back cover19

Alien ET UFO Community Social Enterprise Tranformation with TJ of Ascension 2012

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The Alien ET UFO Community is strategically planning how to balance the future with our peers. UFO Digest has been publishing articles by TJ Thurmond Morris since Aug 7, 2007. TJ’s a contributor as an author entrepreneur and has shared in social media on the internet in cyberspace since. TJ is now going to share in the grounding and balancing of all her past shares with the UFO and MUFON readers of interest. We are going to share in the three (3) main areas of TJ’s life in order to focus on the energy as essence that will be passed down to her children on earth. For now, TJ has the TJ Morris.org, ETSpirit.org, AscensionCenter.org and all of these will now be managed in a business administration atmosphere as the ACO Corp as a C Corporation in Kentucky, USA where TJ lives in Beaver Dam.

ACE FOLKLIFE in America and Ascension Center Org now ACO Corp, A C Corporation of Kentucky USA

SUPPORT OUR TROOPS on earth and in space for the sustainability of our planet and species.

We all have to start planting seeds so we can reap our harvest in our eternal soul’s progression.

Ascension Age now is a project that has begun. TJ Thurmond Morris founder of Ascension Center for the future of 2012 & beyond is now working in what she termed Global Tectonic Economics with Tech Connect. Tech Connect is one of the many small companies which offer services to all those who are a member of ACE Folklife, Ascension Center.org, TJMorris.org, and ETSpirit.org.

The New corporation began by Theresa J. Morris is to begin organizing business ventures into a holding company for administration of Business Internet Solutions Services for various small businesses, associations, organizations, and social media friends of TJ’s.

TJ’s daughter Ginger T. Parrish Bowers is an author and minister of the Ascension Center Organization and presently resides in Florida, USA. The spiritual aspects of the corporation as a faith based organization will be about assisting the younger generations of the Indigo children who are the children of the Baby Boomers. TJ is a baby boomer with many ties and interests in various social media niche genres including the ACE as authors, copywriter, and editors established in the USA and Canada.

ACE FOLKLIFE is about emphasizing the interests in art, culture, education, of all that the UNESCO is involved in around the world. The main theme for the entire global community now reflects the categories in cyberspace of art, culture, education, science, technology, folklife, and history.

We at ACO Corp will be assisting everyone in our new community of practice skills as COPS.

We specialize in whole life living Life Coaching as Lightworkers and Truthseekers for faith, hope, charity, and the greatest is love for our fellow humankind. We are about sustainability through higher consciousness. We share the awakened awareness of health and prosperity for ALL!

We inside our own spiritual soul self-know that we feel as though we are the center of our own universe of which we try to control. When one let’s go and let’s god then we are turning over our power to a higher control and we allow the force to work through us.

This can be a deep spiritual awakening or re-awakening to the opening up of all our chakras which are the portals to our kundalini energy that drives our spiritual force up and down out spine.

We shall desire to elect team leaders on earth who come to terms with their balance in their lives of positive and negative and allow the flow of energy of the higher power to lead them and their crews while on earth.

World Information Network as WIN to assist all our Future Teams in our ACO Corp for our all companies organizing in the Ascension Age with Global Tectonic Economics.

Web Design

Web Hosting

IT Services

IT Training

Servers

Sales & Marketing

Call Centers

Direct Mail

Email Marketing

Online Marketing

PR Agencies

Printing Services

Promotional Items

Trade Show Displays

Shipping & Fulfillment

Finance

Computers

Business Plans

Franchises

Incorporation Services

What Makes Your Small Business Stand out One of the best things smaller businesses offer customers is a personal touch? Knowing your clients and their tastes and needs is a big part of what keeps them coming back. Whether you make designer cakes or install high-end electronics, treating your customers as individuals is one of the 5 Best States for Start-Ups.

Start-ups and small businesses are the lifeblood of America

In 2009, there were no fewer than 50 million businesses with fewer than 20 employees, providing over 189,500,000 jobs, and paying out a mind-boggling $6 billion in payroll.  In 2011, according to PriceWaterhouseCoopers, nearly $3 billion in venture capital was seeded across the United States.

Guides & Articles

Greening Your Supply Chain

Saving money by saving resources is now more than a fad for small businesses, it’s a necessity. But beyond the basics of switching to LED light bulbs and printing on both sides of the paper, there’s a world of more efficient ways to improve the bottom line by greening your supply chain.

Branding for Success

Branding — a hot business buzzword in the '90s — has come front and center again. As the economy emerges from the recession, now is the time to look at your branding and to try to get noticed and gain market share. Every business can benefit from branding, right down to the independent owner Helping Businesses Make Informed Purchasing Decisions

Utilize three primary resources to help them through all stages of their buying process.

We support others with third party companies with our information resource to assist in PR for getting the word out to all our women veteran organizations with TJ Morris ACIR. THE LESSON FOR TJ ON EARTH SHE SHARED WITH HER ALIEN ET UFO COMMUNITY ON UFO DIGEST

Sharing the Alien ET UFO Experience as the Inner Awakening Crew

Take control of your inner spirit and awaken the conscious mind to the observer inside that is connected to all things, all people, all places, and all things. The younger generation who came after Star Trek and Star Wars call this the Force.

Engage your awakened observer inside and write a book! We are all the authors of our own life stories. We are the creator, writer, designer, choreographer, actor, and director. We do it all as the observer while we are spirits inside the body. We are all consciousness inside the unity consciousness that is the balance of essence energy inside that which was created in the beginning that has always been. We allow those who came before us as our ancestors who may choose to guide us. We are to believe that there are some bad demons in this world that can enter one’s own body-mind-spirit and act out their emotions if one allows this to happen.

Teach yourself and analyze everything you do from with inside as an observer.

Awaken to the greater possibility that we are all something greater both inside our own body-mind-spirit of which we call the mental-emotional-physical-spiritual (MEPS). We are also a neurological being with a physiology that requires us to feed our energy so that our physical will not starve to death and die.

We also are to feed ourselves spiritually and to grow our spirits from the basic new soul and re-birth to that of attaining a higher level in this lifetime and the one to come.

We are all a soul having the use of a body-mind-spirit that is sharing the birth-life-death experience with outer selves on the same planet. We shall honor the golden rule and know that we treat others the way we desire to be treated. We know that Newton’s Third Law of Motion is for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

We can go anywhere we want inside our minds to paint our thoughts. We have an inner thought process where we can use thoughts to create visions. We are the observer of the pictures we create in our minds. We are not our minds we are spirit. We are spiritual beings. We are sentient intelligent humanoid beings.

We are all a part of the sea of souls and we must learn to go with the flow. We experience waves in motion and sometimes we calm our waters and there is no breeze when we are being still just to know. We learn to let go and let God. God and Goddess are in us all and the inner awakened awareness of their presence during our meditation and yoga can allow us to hear the divine guidance. We all have guides and our inner messenger may be our own observer or our higher consciousness.

We are deeper than our own conscious. We are deeper than our own thought process when we can hear ourselves think and then we try to say what we should be doing and we hear another voice speak to us like the still small inner voice we know that our minds are trying to tell us what to do. We need to use this type of awakened awareness and learn to say STOP when we are overcome with thoughts and emotions and feel anxiety and fear coming upon us.

We can know that S is for Stop. T is for Take3 deep breaths and smile in all parts of one’s own body energy which will assist our nervous and immune system and laugh at our situation when appropriate.

We can share O is for Observe. Observe the situation we are in and our surroundings and the sensations we are experiencing or enduring.

We can then say P as in Proceed with kindness and compassion and persevere with love in our hearts and have an open mind and heart to what we are experiencing in the now.

We can calm ourselves and others around us simply by thinking the opposite of whatever we feel as anger, anxiety, confusion, or fear that is causing the problem.

Self-image is what you think of you. Image is what others perceive of you. We may or may not agree with another’s perception of what we are projecting but what other’s think and perceive is not something we are here to control and it is not our business to care about what others think of us when we are in a peaceful loving knowing and understanding place going about our own business.

We know that we are the observer here as an explorer to find out who we are, why we are here, and where we go when we leave this existence. We know that Karma is the Echo of what energy we put out to others. We expand our positive energy consciousness and when we allow ourselves to feel fear we contract and feel negative energy consciousness.

Spiritual Advisers and mentors are simply guides forging a path and leaving a trail for others to find if they use their freewill and free choice to do so. No one can make another do anything unless they want too at the mind and spirit level.

We are trained on earth to take ownership of our own actions and learn to not react unless it is a natural response to danger that crosses our path that is life threatening then we may react to the situation of which may be called death.